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EN
EN
EUROPEAN COMMISSION
Brussels, 6.10.2011
COM(2011) 614 final
2011/0275 (COD)
Proposal for a
REGULATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL
on specific provisions concerning the European Regional Development Fund and the
Investment for growth and jobs goal an
d repealing Regulation
(EC) No 1080/2006
{SEC(2011) 1138 final}
{SEC(2011) 1139 final}
EN
1
EN
EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM
1. CONTEXT
OF
THE
PROPOSAL
On 29 June 2011, the Commission
adopted a proposal for the
next multi-annual financial
framework for the period 2014-2020: A Budget for Europe 2020
1
. . In its proposal, the
Commission decided that
cohesion policy should remain an
essential element of the next
financial package and underlined its pivotal
role in delivering
the Europe 2020 strategy
2
.
The Commission therefore proposed a number of
important changes to the way cohesion
policy is designed and implemented. Concentrat
ing funding on a smaller nu
mber of priorities
better linked to the Europe 2020 Strategy, focu
sing on results, monitoring progress towards
agreed objectives, increasing the use of cond
itionalities and simplifying the delivery are
among the major hallmarks of the proposal.
This Regulation sets out the provisions govern
ing the European Regi
onal Development Fund,
and repealing Regulation (EC)
No 1083/2006. It draws on the
work undertaken since the
publication of the Fourth Cohesion Report in
May 2007 which outlined the main challenges
facing regions in the next decades and launche
d the debate on the future cohesion policy. On
9 November 2010, the Commission
adopted the Fifth Cohesion Report which provided an
analysis of social and economic trends and
outlined orientations for the future cohesion
policy.
Cohesion policy is the main investment instru
ment for supporting the
key priorities of the
Union as enshrined in the Europe 2020 strate
gy. It does so by focusi
ng on the countries and
regions where needs are greater. One of the grea
test successes of the EU
has been its capacity
to raise living standard
s for all its citizens. It does this
not only by helping poorer Member
States and regions to develop an
d grow but also through its ro
le in the inte
gration of the
Single Market whose size delivers
markets and economies of scale
to all parts of
the EU, rich
and poor, big and small. The Commission's eval
uation of past cohesi
on policy spending has
shown many examples of added value and of grow
th- and job- creating investment that could
not have happened without the support of the EU
budget. However, the results also show the
effects of dispersion and lack
of prioritisation. At a time wh
en public money is scarce and
when growth enhancing investment is more ne
eded than ever, the Commission has decided to
propose important changes to cohesion policy.
The ERDF aims to strengthen economic and
social cohesion in the European Union by
correcting imbalances between its regions
. The ERDF supports
regional and local
development by co-financing investments in
R&D and innovation; climate change and
environment; business support to SMEs; services of common economic interest;
telecommunication, energy and transport infras
tructures; health, education and social
infrastructures; and sustai
nable urban development.
1
COM(2011)500 final.
2
Communication from the Commission: Europe 2020 – A strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive
growth, COM(2010)2020 final, 3.3.2010.